Conference proceedings editors of ToSEE – Tourism in Southern and Eastern Europe, are committed to fair and professional behaviour in all aspects of our publishing operations. Our goal is to publish original high-quality papers valuable to scientific community in the best possible form and according to the highest possible standards.

Conference proceedings editors of ToSEE uphold the highest standards of publication ethics and take all possible measures against any publication malpractices. Editors of the Conference proceedings ToSEE follow the recommendations of the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors and COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (

Code of Ethics


Authors should present an accurate account of their work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain significant detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour, and are therefore unacceptable. The expected duties of authors are:

  • to agree with proceedings of the conference open access policy which enables unrestricted access and reuse of all published articles
  • to provide raw data for editorial review, and be prepared to provide public access to such data, if practicable, and retain such data after publication
  • to ensure that they have written an entirely original article, and if they have used the paper and/or papers of others, that the citations or quotations are accurately written
  • not to use plagiarism in any its forms. Plagiarism takes many forms, from ‘passing off’ another’s paper as the author’s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others
  • not to submit the same research in more than one primary publication. Submission of the same manuscript in several publications concurrently constitutes an unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
  • to make proper acknowledgment of the work of others
  • to limit authorship to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study
  • to disclose any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of their manuscript
  • to notify the editor or the publisher when discovering a significant error or inaccuracy in published paper, to retract or correct the paper
  • to use the publisher’s PDF if self-archiving the paper and to include a link to the publisher’s website 
  • authors should retain raw data to their submitted manuscripts in order to provide them for editorial review, upon request of the editor or reviewer.
  • manuscripts are to be edited in accordance to the submission guidelines of the proceedings.


Each manuscript submitted is subject to the following review procedures:

  • It is reviewed by the editors considering the general suitability for the conference
  • It goes through a special software program for preventing plagiarism (iThenticate)
  • If it is judged suitable, two reviewers are selected and a double blind review process takes place
  • Based on the recommendations of the reviewers, the editors decide whether the particular article should be accepted as it is, revised or rejected.

Reviewers comments will be returned to the original author. Where appropriate, authors will be encouraged to revise the work and to resubmit it for further consideration. It is suggested to fill in the author's response form. The review process will follow the criteria laid out in the review form.

The peer review process is an independent quality control procedure for articles submitted to the conference. Since it is so difficult for authors to be objective about their own writing, they benefit greatly from having someone else read and comment upon their work. Peer review is vital for enhancing the quality, credibility and acceptability of published research and professional papers. The reviewers should observe carefully the following criteria: expertise, confidentiality, conflict of interest, intellectual merit, full explanation, plagiarism and copyright, responsiveness.


Editors and members of the proceedings editorial board are committed to fair and professional behaviour in all aspects of publishing operations in order to publish original high quality papers having value to the scientific community according to the highest possible standards. Accordingly, similar standards from the reviewers and authors are expected.

Honesty, originality and fair dealing on the part of authors, and fairness, objectivity and confidentiality on the part of editors and reviewers are among the critical values in achieving the set aim.

Editors evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content, without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. Submissions to the conference proceedings authored by the editors or the employees of the Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management (FTHM) or the editorial board members will be ensured unbiased reviews. Submissions authored by the editors or employees of the FTHM will be evaluated by an appropriate editorial board member, whereby the the editorial board member also chooses two reviewers excepting employees of the FTHM.

The editors should take reasonable, responsive measures when ethical complaints have been made concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the publisher. Such measures will generally include contacting the authors of the manuscript or published paper and giving due consideration to the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communication to the relevant institutions and research bodies. If the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or another relevant note has to be made. Every reported act of unethical publishing behaviour must be considered, even if it is discovered years after publication.

Editors should be accountable for everything published in the conference proceedings. This means that the editors should:

  • strive to meet the needs of readers and authors
  • have processes in place to assure the quality of the papers that will be published
  • champion and encourage freedom of expression
  • maintain the integrity of the academic record
  • support initiatives to reduce academic misconduct
  • inform researchers about publication ethics
  • preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards
  • always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed
  • strive to constantly improve the quality of the conference proceedings.

Editors of the conference proceedings:

  • are accountable and should take responsibility for everything they publish
  • should make fair and unbiased decisions, independent of commercial considerations and should ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process
  • must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial members, and the publisher
  • should adopt editorial policies that encourage maximum transparency and complete, honest reporting
  • ought to guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct
  • should pursue reviewer and editorial misconduct
  • need to make it clear to peer reviewers and authors what is expected of them
  • must not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript in the editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author
  • keep confidential privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review and not use them for personal advantage
  • recuse her/himself from considering manuscripts in which he/she has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers
  • need to require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as rejection, the publication of a retraction or expression of concern
  • should apply appropriate policies in place for handling editorial conflicts of interest, in accordance with COPE guidelines
  • need to take all responsible steps to ensure the quality of the material published, by having systems in place to detect falsified data and basing decisions about the proceedings of the conference on relevant evidence of factors that raise the quality of reporting.


The publisher will establish a suitably qualified editorial board whose members can actively contribute to the development and good management of the conference proceedings. Members of editorial board are aware of their role of membership in the proceedings of the conference. Their expected activities and duties are:

  • to act as ambassadors of the conference proceedings
  • to support and promote the conference proceedings
  • pre‐reviewing and reviewing submissions to the conference proceedings
  • to select the best authors and best paper and actively encourage submissions
  • to actively attend and contribute to editorial board meetings
  • to assess the effects of their conference proceedings policies on author and reviewer behaviour and revising policies, as well as to encourage responsible behaviour and discourage misconduct
  • to ensure that any press releases issued by this conference proceedings reflect the message of the reported article and put it into a context.

The editors are obliged to consult the editorial board members to gauge their opinions about the running of the conference proceedings, inform them of any changes to the policies of the conference proceedings and identify future challenges.

The editors have the right to update the list of editorial board members according to the needs of the conference proceedings.


The peer review process is an independent quality control procedure for papers submitted to the ToSEE conference It is vital for enhancing the quality, credibility and acceptability of published research. Expected duties and responsibilities of the reviewers are:

  • to assist the editors in making editorial decisions and to assist the author in improving the paper
  • to notify the editors about the availability for prompt reviews
  • to handle the manuscripts as confidential documents
  • to conduct reviews objectively and express the views clearly with supporting arguments
  • to identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors
  • to inform the editor about any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript and any other paper
  • not to use materials disclosed in a manuscript in their own research without the written consent of the author.
  • to keep privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review confidential
  • not to consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest.

In addition, peer reviewers should be aware of all other detailed COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers ( and use them in the review process.


Conference editors will adopt procedures to detect plagiarism in reported items and take appropriate action (according to COPE: